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matter什么意思(no matter什么意思)

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A部分词汇:

a(an) [?, e?(?n)]art.一(个、件……)

用法:不定冠词的常见用法

①第一次提到,表示泛指。

②含有数量“一”的概念,但是不如one强烈。

ability [??b?l?t?]n.能力;才能

a man of ability 有能力的人

the ability to do sth. 做某事的能力

able [?e?b(?)l]a.能够;有能力的

be able to do sth. 有能力做某事

about [??ba?t]prep. 对于,关于;大约;在……周围

be about to do 即将……

We were about to go when it suddenly rained.

我们正要出发,突然天下雨了。

look about 四处寻找

run about 到处跑

What/How about…?

above [??b?v]prep.在……上面

above all 最重要的是

Above all, the work must be finished before nine by ourselves.

最重要的是,工作必须在九点之前由我们自己独立完成。

注意:above的反义词为below

abroad [??br??d]ad.到(在)国外

from abroad 从国外,从海外

His parents have just come back from abroad.

他的父母刚刚从海外回来,我们去看望他们吧。

go abroad 出国

absent[??bs?nt]a.缺席;不在

accept [?k?sept]vt.接受

近义词辨析:accept 和receive

accept 是“接受、认可“的意思,是收到并接受;receive 有”收到“的意思,但不一定接受。

I received a lot of gifts on my birthday, but I didn’t accept any.

生日那天我收到许多礼物,但是我并没有收下任何礼物。

I received his invitation but I didn’t accept it.(我收到他的邀请,但我没接受。)

accident [??ks?d?nt]n. 事故;偶然

by accident意外地,偶然地

a traffic accident 交通事故

according to prep. 根据…;依照

according to根据,按照

achieve[??t?i?v]vt.达到;取得

He hopes to achieve all the aims soon .

(他希望很快达成所有目标。)

across [??kr?s]prep横过;穿过

across prep.在……对面,横穿

近义词辨析:across 和through

across表示“横过,穿过”,着重指从路线或物体表面的一边到另一边(表面)。

across the street 横过马路

through “穿过,从……中间通过”,着重指从空间的一头穿到另一头(内部)。

through the forest 穿过森林

act [?kt]n. v.法令;条例表演,扮演(角色);演出,行动

act as担任(起…作用)

词性转换:actor/actress n.男演员/女演员

action [??k?(?)n]n.行动

We must take action right now, otherwise we’ll be late.

我们现在就得采取行动了,否则就迟到了。

active[??kt?v]a.积极的,主动的

take an active part in 积极参加……

I don’t think everyone should take an active part in the social activities.

我认为并不是所有的人都应该积极参与到社会活动中去。

activity[?k?t?v?t?]n.活动

actor[??kt?]n.演员,男演员,行动者

actress[??ktr?s]n.女演员

add[?d]vt.增添;增加

add to 增加,增添

add up 合计

add up to 合计达

add…to… 把……添加到……

address[??dres]n.地址

advantage [?d?vɑ?nt?d?]n.优点;好处

advertisement [?d?v?:t?sm?nt](ad)n.公告;启事;广告

Have you read the want ad in the newspaper?你看过报纸上的招聘广告吗?

Put an advertisement in the newspaper

advice [?d?va?s]n.忠告;劝告;建议

a piece of advice一条建议

ask for advice寻求建议

give advice提建议

take/follow one’s advice接受/采纳某人的建议

advise[?d?va?z]vt.忠告;劝告;建议

advise sb. to do sth. 建议某人做某事

My teacher advised me to do more reading. (我的老师建议我多读。)

afford [??f??d]vt.负担的起(……的费用);抽的出(时间);提供

Mary was not able to afford a new car.(玛丽买不起新车。)

afraid[??fre?d]a.害怕的;担心的

be afraid of 害怕……

Don’t be afraid of asking for help from others.不要害怕向别人求助。

be afraid for 担心……

I’m afraid for my sister. 我担心我的妹妹。

I’m afraid so./I’m afraid not. /I’m afraid that….

Africa n.非洲

African a.非洲的,非洲人的

after [?ɑ?ft?(r)]adv./prep/conj. 在……之后;晚于

after all 终究,毕竟

It has turned out to be a nice day after all.

天气终于转晴了。

afternoon [ɑ?ft??nu?n]n.下午,午后

in the afternoon

on Monday afternoon

on the afternoon of…

again[??ɡe?n]ad.再一次;再,又

again and again 一次又一次地,反复地,再三地

I called him again and again, but he didn’t answer the telephone.

我一次又一次地给他打电话,可是他就是不接。

now and again 有时

He came to see me now and again.

他过去有时来看望我。

against [??ɡe?nst]prep.对着,反对

①对着,反对

If no one is against this plan, let’s carry it out. 如果没有人反对这个计划,那我们就开始吧。

②靠着,依着

The policeman asked the young man to stand against the wall. 警察命令那个年轻人靠着墙站好。

age [e?d?]n.年龄;时代

for one’s age 论年龄

He looks older for his age because of years of hard work. 由于多年操劳,他看起来比实际年龄大。

at the age of 在……岁时

ago [??ɡ??]ad. 以前

long ago 很久以前,从前

Long long ago there was a king and he loved horses. 很久以前,有一位国王,他喜爱马。

some time ago 不久前

Some time ago, I heard he would come to see me. 不久前,我听说他要来看我。

a while ago 刚才

He was here a while ago. 他刚才还在这儿。

近义词辨析:ago 和 before

ago: 应注意两点:①用于一般过去时;②它所指的时间是从现在算起。

before: 也应该注意两点:①用于过去完成时;②她所指的时间不是从现在算起,而是从过去某一时刻算起。

A short time before, tall trees had covered the country for many miles around. 在那时不久之前,高大的树木覆盖着方圆数英里。

agree [??ɡri?]v.同意;应允

近义词辨析:agree to 和 agree with

agree to: 意思 是“同意”,后面接表示计划、安排、意见、条件之类的名词或动词原形,表示愿意协助工作。

Do you agree to this agreement? 你同意这项协议吗?

He didn’t agree to help us. 他不同意帮助我们。

agree with: 意思是“与……(意见)一致”后面一般接人,也可接意见、看法等。但不含有协助的意思。

I don’t agree with what you said. 我不同意你说的话。

I don’t agree with your idea. 我不同意你的主意

Her father didn’t agree to buy him a computer. (她父亲不同意给她买电脑。)

agree on 就……达成一致

agreement[??ɡri?m?nt]n.同意;一致;协定

air [e?(r)]n.空气;大气

by air 乘飞机

in the (open) air 在户外

airport [?e?p??t]n.航空站,飞机场

at the airport 在机场

alive [??la?v]a.活着的,存在的

all [??l]adj.&pron.全部的,所有的

all day 整日

all kinds of 各种各样的

all over 遍布

all right 行,可以

all along 一直,始终

not at all 根本不

in all 总共

allow [??la?]vt.允许,准允

allow sb to do sth

Father allowed me to go to the cinema .(父亲允许我去看电影。)

allow doing

almost [???lm??st]ad.几乎,差不多

alone [??l??n]a.单独的,孤独的

近义词辨析:lonely/alone

alone 指“独自一人的”,强调客观事实,通常只放在动词、系动词之后,作表语

He was alone in the room. 他独自一人在屋里。

lonely 指“孤单的”、“孤独的”,表示主观感觉,在句中作标语或主语。用作定语修饰地方时。

along [??l??; (US) ??l??]adv. & prep沿着;向前;共同,一起;

all along 始终,一直

I knew the truth of the matter all long. 那件事情的真相我始终是清楚的。

along with 于.……一道

Yesterday I went along with my brother to the shop.昨天我和我的弟弟一道去了那家商店。

get along with 和……相处

aloud[??la?d]ad.大声地

read aloud 大声朗读

already [??l?red?]ad.已经

近义词辨析:already/yet

already: 用于完成时的肯定句中。

yet :“尚(未),已经”(用于否定句、疑问句中,谈论将要发生的事情)

also [???ls??]ad.也

although [??l?e??]conj.虽然;尽管

always [???lwe?z]ad.总是;一直;永远

America [??mer?k?]n.美国;美洲

American [??mer?k?n]a.n.美国人;美国人的;美国人

among [??m??]prep.在……中间;在(三个以上)之间

近义词辨析:among/between

这两个词都含有“在……中间”的意思。

among 用于“三者或三者以上之间”

He built a house among the forest. 他在树林中盖了一间房。

between 则用于“两者之间”

What is the difference between the two words?

这两个词的区别是什么?

ancient [?e?n??nt]a.古代的;古老的

and [?nd, ?nd]conj.和;又;而

and so on 等等

This book tells about food, fruits, dishes and so on.

这本书讲了有关食物、水果、菜肴等等有关的东西。

angry [??nɡr?]a.生气的,愤怒的

be angry with/at/about

animal[??n?m(?)l]n.动物

another [??n?e?(r)]a.pron.再一;另一;别的;不同的;另一个

answer [?ɑ?ns?(r); (US) ??ns?r]n.&v.回答;解决方案;反应

I couldn’t answer all the exam questions.

我没能作答全部的试卷问题。

the answer to sth. ……的答案/解决方案

ant [?nt]n.蚂蚁

There are some ants in the tree. 树里有一些蚂蚁。

any [?en? we?]pron. 任何一个人/物adj.每一的;任何一个的

anybody[?en?b?d?] pron.任何人,无论谁

anyone [?en?w?n]pron.任何人,无论谁

anything [?en?θ??]pron.什么事(物);任何事(物)

anyway[?en?we?]ad.不管怎样

anywhere [?eniwe?(r)]ad.任何地方

appear[??p??(r)] vi.出现

It appears that he’s lost interest in singing.(看来他对唱歌失去兴趣了。)

apple [??p(?)l]n. 苹果

April [?e?pr(?)l]n.四月

area [?e?r??]n.面积;地域;区域;范围;领域

arm [ɑ?m]n.臂,支架

army [?ɑ?m?]n.军队

around [??ra?nd]prep.围绕;环绕;在……四周

arrive [??ra?v] vi.到达;达到

arrive at/in

They arrived in Hangzhou on time.(他们按时到达杭州。)

art [ɑ?t]n.艺术,美术;技艺

article [?ɑ?t?k(?)l]n.文章;东西;冠词

artist [?ɑ?t?st]

as[?z, ?z]adv./conj./prep 同样地;与……一样;作为

as…as…(用于比较)与……一样……

Tom is as tall as his brother. 汤姆和他弟弟一样高。

as a result 结果

He works hard all day, as a result, he got a good mark in his English exam. 他整日努力学习,因此在英语考试中取得了优异的成绩。

as if 仿佛,好像

He talks as if he knew about it. 他说起来好像知道这件事似的。

as long as 只要,和……一样长:

You will do well in your English study as/so long as you keep on.只要坚持下去,你一定能学好英语 。

as well 也

My class went to the cinema and I went there as well. 我们班去电影院了,我也去了那里。

Asia [?e???]n.亚洲

Asian [?e??(?)n, ?e??(?)n] n./a. 亚洲人;亚洲(人)的

ask[ɑ?sk]v.问,询问;请求,要求;邀请

ask sb to do sth.

ask for 请求,寻求

He asked a policeman for help when was in trouble yesterday. 昨天他有困难时向警察求助。

asleep[??sli?p]a.睡着的,熟睡

fall asleep 入睡

Though it is 12 in the night. I still find it hard to fall asleep.尽管已经是夜里12点钟了,我发现还是很难入 睡。

词型转换:sleep/sleeping/sleepy/asleep

at [?t]prep.在(几点钟);在(某处)

Atlantic Ocean n.大西洋

attend[?tend]v.参加,出席,上大学

attention[??ten?(?)n]n.关心;注意

pay attention to 关注/注意……

August [???ɡ?st]n.八月

aunt [ɑ?nt; (US) ?nt]n.伯母;舅母;审;姑;姨

Australia [??stre?lj?]n.澳洲;澳大利亚

Australian [??stre?l??n]a.n.澳洲的;澳大利亚的;澳大利亚人

autumn [???t?m]n.秋天,秋季

mid-autumn 中秋

in autumn

the mid-autumn festival

avoid [??v??d]v.避免;躲开;逃避

She should avoid eating too much chocolate. 她应该尽量少吃巧克力。

awake [??we?k]v.&a.唤醒;醒着的

This morning I was awoken by my alarm clock. 今早我是被闹钟闹醒的。

away [??we?]ad.离开;远离

awful a.可怕的,极坏的

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